Charles k kao was a well-known physicist and electrical engineer who pioneered the use of fibre optics in telecommunications. He was born and raised in Hong Kong, which was then under British authority. After matriculation, he travelled to England. He majored in Electrical Engineering and went on to work for Standard Telephones & Cables. He was afterwards transferred to STC’s research lab, where he was tasked with investigating fibre attenuation. He rapidly determined that imperfections in the fibres were the source of light loss. He developed a number of approaches to combine glass fibres with lasers so that digital data could be delivered with minimal loss over time. As a result, the foundation for the Internet’s evolution has been laid. He was dubbed the “Godfather of Broadband” and received various medals and honours for his work, including the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2009. He was a dual citizen of the United Kingdom and the United States at the time of his death in Hong Kong.
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